Nonfiction always seeks truth. It is based in facts, and relies on information that can be measured, observed or proved through research and evidence. Nonfiction often describes an objective reality using descriptive words, such as names, numbers, data, times, and dates.



What is nonfiction?



Nonfiction uses internal and external features to help organize ideas. External features (e.g. headings, graphs, or glossaries) are placed alongside the main text to help organize and highlight essential ideas. Internal structures (e.g. cause-effect, or sequence) are used to put together ideas in a way that supports the writing purpose. 


California English-Language Arts standards organize nonfiction around argumentative, informational, and persuasive. 


Creative nonfiction tells truthful stories using narrative conventions. Most nonfiction, however, will use the conventions on this page to make a work clear and organized.

Writing Non-Fiction

External Text Features


These help to make the text accessible. 


Informational Texts


The purpose of informational texts is to educate or provide information on a topic. 


Informational texts are often found in history, social studies, science, arts, and technical subjects




The purpose of persuasive texts is win people over to the writers point of view




The purpose of argumentative texts is to convince people to adopt the writers way of thinking. 


Incorporate informative and persuasive elements.